Lumbago: causes, symptoms, and treatment

Understanding Low Back Pain (Lumbago)

Lumbago: causes, symptoms, and treatment

March 30, 2023 0

What is Lumbago?

The majority of medical professionals and specialists commonly refer to lower back pain as Lumbago. A patient suffering from Lumbago experiences mild to severe lower back pain. This pain could either be acute or persistent depending on the underlying reason for the low back pain. Lumbago can impact people of all ages and some of the main causes for this condition include poor posture, obesity, and pregnancy. In this condition, the pain is concentrated in the lumbar area and can result in a hunched posture and severe difficulty in body movement.

What causes Lumbago?

Lumbago may be brought on by lumbar vertebral inflammation as well as inflammation of nearby muscles, tendons, and ligaments. Patients may also have muscle tension, stiffness, tingling, or weakening in the back in addition to mild to moderate discomfort. The main causes of lower back pain, often known as lumbar discomfort, are listed below.

  • Injury to back muscles
  • Muscle stiffness
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Spondylitis
  • Degenerative Disc Disease
  • Back stiffness

Apart from the above, smoking, obesity, pregnancy, lifting extreme weights and improper body posture are also some leading causes of Lumbago.

Symptoms of Lumbago

One might be experiencing lower back pain and may be unsure if they have lumbago. The lower back pain should raise concerns if it lasts more than six weeks. It’s crucial to pay attention to the following lumbago signs:

  • Lower back pain, muscle tightness, and soreness 
  • Trying to bend over or lean back will cause your back agony.
  • Persistent Pain in the bottom region of the spine.
  • The pain is confined to specific areas
  • The legs, lower back, and buttocks experience a crippling tingling sensation.

How is Lumbago diagnosed?

Your doctor will examine you physically and enquire about your problems. Your healthcare provider could request imaging studies to look for broken bones or other injuries. These investigations make your vertebrae, discs, muscles, ligaments, and tendons visible to your doctor in a vivid manner.

Your doctor may advise testing like X-Ray, MRI, CT Scan, and Electromyography to understand your condition better.

Lumbago treatment options

With appropriate rest, ice, and over-the-counter painkillers, lower back discomfort can get better. You can slowly resume regular work after a few days of rest. Being active promotes healing by increasing blood flow to the injured area.

Depending on the cause, there are other lower back pain remedies. These include:

  • Medication – Prescription medicines or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be suggested by your doctor to treat your pain. Some drugs reduce muscle tension and stop back spasms.
  • Strength Exercises– Physical training can help in strengthening muscles which in turn helps them support your spine. It can also increase flexibility and aid in preventing further injuries.
  • Massage– You might require a chiropractic adjustment or an osteopathic manipulation, depending on the source of your pain. Massage can help in relieving pain and muscle aches.
  • Surgery– ​​Certain conditions require surgical treatment. Low back pain surgery comes in a variety of forms, many of which use minimally invasive methods.

How to prevent Lumbago?

Lower back pain due to structural and genetic issues can’t be avoided. Yet, back injuries are preventable.

Body weight– Keep a healthy weight because being overweight causes pressure on the discs and vertebrae.

Enhance abdominal muscle strength– With proper exercise and training regimens strong core muscles can be built that could protect the spine.

Proper strength training: Avoid injuries by using proper form when lifting heavy weights. Take help from professional trainers in the gym and avoid sudden jerks and movements while lifting anything heavy.

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