What is Metabolism?

March 31, 2021 0

Losing weight is a tricky business. You have to keep a note of the calories intake, physical activities, and your general diet. Often, people blame their metabolism for not losing weight as quickly as they expect. However, this is not entirely true. Many factors contribute to a faster or slower metabolism. Let’s first understand what metabolism is about.

What is Metabolism?

In layman’s terms, metabolism is the chemical process responsible for sustaining the cells’ normal functions and organs in the body. It is also responsible for converting food into energy to carry out various body processes. The type of food you eat plays a massive role in building the metabolism pathways in your body. 

How does Metabolism Work?

Food helps to provide the necessary nutrients required to carry out the metabolism process. It consists of carbohydrates, proteins, fat, vitamins, minerals, and other elements. Here, carbohydrates are converted into simple sugars like glucose, fats are converted into fatty acids, and proteins are converted into amino acids. They are necessary for bodily functions, repair body tissues, and build or upkeep the same.

How to Boost Metabolism?

Your metabolism process’s speed mostly depends on your age, gender, weight, height, and genetics. Generally, people with more muscles than fat have a faster metabolism than those with more fat than muscles. Hence, people who maintain a healthy diet and exercise regularly have better metabolism. Therefore, you can improve your metabolism rate by eating metabolism-boosting foods and exercising. 

Role of Food in Metabolism

As stated earlier, nutrients play an essential role in the metabolism process. Your daily diet should comprise all the critical nutrients your body needs. However, taking in more calories than you burn is the sole reason for weight gain. In such cases, you may require metabolism boosters for a faster metabolism. Hence, food plays a vital role in the following ways:


The majority of the diet is consumed in the form of carbohydrates. They come in mainly three forms – sugar, starch, and fibre. Both sugar and starch are essential energy sources, while fibre helps to provide the bulk of the diet. Basic foods that contribute towards carbohydrates include potatoes, bread, wheat, and rice. 


Amino acids are essential to build and repair muscles in the body. However, the body cannot synthesize it by itself. This is where protein comes in. They are rich in amino acids and help the body to carry oxygen, build cell structure, and carry other bodily functions. Foods like grains, vegetables, soybeans, milk, and eggs are rich protein sources for healthy metabolism. 


For the most part, fats are divided into two broad groups. Saturated fats are mostly linked to heart disease and other problems. However, unsaturated fatty acids like arachidonic acids, linolenic, and linoleic acids are essential. They offer concentrated pockets of energy that act as a reserve for whenever it is required. 

Vitamins & Minerals

Both vitamins and minerals do not directly contribute to the metabolism process. However, they play an essential role in creating the metabolic pathways of the body. Your body comprises more than 50 elements, out of which 25 elements are considered crucial. Most of these elements are available in small amounts in all types of foods. 

Metabolism Boosting Foods

Particular foods act as a metabolism booster for your body. You can take these foods either regularly or alternatively. However, make sure that they are included in your diet in a balanced way. Make sure that you are getting all the other forms of nutrients as well. Some popular metabolism boosters include:

  • Coffee/caffeine (non-sweetened)
  • Green tea
  • Spices (Jalapenos, bell peppers, chillies, etc.) 
  • Energy Drinks
  • Apple Cider Vinegar 
  • Dairy Products 
  • Nuts & Seeds 
  • Eggs
  • Legumes
  • Fish
  • Meat

Apart from maintaining a healthy diet, it is essential to burn those calories as well. Hence, you can get regular exercise by walking, cycling, swimming, lifting weights, and high-intensity workouts. Try to contribute at least 10 minutes per day to these activities, and you’ll notice a difference early on. 

Why is Metabolism Needed?

Apart from converting food into energy, metabolism is the critical chemical process that keeps you alive. They help to dictate bodily functions even when you’re at rest. Hence, it is an ongoing process that goes on and on without stopping. It is responsible for keeping your organs in working condition, digesting your food, and repairing cells throughout the body. 

 It is necessary to consult a proper doctor to determine the best course of action to boost your metabolism. Regency Healthcare has a plethora of facilities and specialists who can lead you to a healthier lifestyle. 

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