Figuring out which birth control option is right for you can be hard. A range of devices and treatments are available for both men and women that can help prevent pregnancy. Some methods are more reliable than others. How well a method works often depends on how carefully it is used. Your choice of a birth control method depends on a number of factors, including your health, how often you have sex, and whether or not you want children.
Before choosing a birth control method, talk to your doctor or nurse about:
- Whether you want to get pregnant soon, in a few years, or never
- How well each method works to prevent pregnancy
- Possible side effects
- How often you have sex
- The number of sex partners you have
- Your overall health
- How comfortable you are with using the method (For example, can you remember to take a pill every day? Will you have to ask your partner to put on a condom each time?)
- Keep in mind that even the most effective birth control methods can fail. But your chances of getting pregnant are lower if you use a more effective method.
Barrier Methods of Birth Control
As the name suggests, these create a barrier to keep sperm from reaching an egg. You can get most of them at a pharmacy with no prescription.
1. Condoms: A condom is a thin latex or polyurethane sheath. The male condom is placed around the erect penis. The female condom is placed inside the vagina before intercourse. It must be worn at all times during intercourse to prevent pregnancy. It can also help to prevent the spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
2. Diaphragm and Cervical Cap: A diaphragm is a rubber, dome-shaped device that is inserted into the vagina and placed over the cervix. While a cervical cap is a little cup made from soft silicone and shaped like a sailor’s hat. You put it deep inside your vagina to cover your cervix. Used correctly with spermicide (essential) they are 92-96% effective at preventing pregnancy.
3.Vaginal Sponge: The contraceptive sponge contains spermicide and is placed in the vagina where it fits over the cervix. The sponge works for up to 24 hours and must be left in the vagina for at least 6 hours after the last act of intercourse, at which time it is removed and discarded.
Hormonal Methods of Birth Control
Some birth control methods use hormones. They will have either both an estrogen and a progestin or a progestin alone. You need a prescription for most hormonal birth control methods.
1. Birth Control Pills: These may contain both estrogen and progestin, or only progestin. It’s very effective if taken right.
2. Implants: An implant is a rod with a core of progestin, which it releases slowly. It is inserted under the skin of a woman’s upper arm. The implant is effective for up to 4 years, but it can be removed at any time, and then pregnancy is possible.
3. Projestin Injections: It is given into a woman’s buttock or the upper arm, and over the next 12 weeks the hormone is slowly released into your bloodstream.
4. Skin Patch: It is worn on the lower abdomen, buttocks, or upper body (but not on the breasts). This method is prescribed by a doctor. It releases hormones progestin and estrogen into the bloodstream.
5. Vaginal Ring: It is a small, soft plastic ring placed inside your vagina like a tampon. Used correctly, it is estimated to be over 99% effective. It works by releasing hormones (progestogen and 0estrogen) to stop the release of eggs.
6. Emergency (or “morning after”) Contraception: The Emergency Contraception Pill can be used to prevent pregnancy after sex if contraception wasn’t used, a condom has broken during sex, or a woman has been sexually assaulted. While it is sometimes called the ‘Morning After’ pill, it can actually be effective for up to five days after having unprotected sex. The sooner it is taken, the more effective it is.
7. IUD (Intrauterine Device): The IUD is a small plastic or copper device placed inside the woman’s uterus. Some IUDs release small amounts of progestin. They can be left in place for 3 to 10 years, depending on the device used.
Permanent Methods of Birth Control
These methods are best for men, women, and couples who feel certain they do not want to have children in the future. It is very difficult or impossible to reverse.
1. Male Sterilization (Vasectomy): It is an outpatient surgery that involves blocking or cutting the tubes that carry sperm from the testicles to the penis, which keeps sperm from being added to ejaculate.
2. Female Sterilization (Tubal ligation or “tying tubes”): The surgeon will cut, block, or burn the fallopian tubes, or a combination of these methods, to seal them and prevent future fertilization.
We at Regency have an expert and experienced team of Gynaecologists to help you figure out which method is suitable for you. For more information, visit Regency Hospital.