Pathology is the study of disease. Pathologists are doctors who specialize in pathology and can help determine the cause or causes of a health problem. Pathology tests are performed on samples taken from a patient’s body, usually during an examination. The results of these tests are used to diagnose diseases and provide information about how your body works. Pathology tests are also important when you have symptoms that suggest possible diseases but do not meet all the criteria for a specific diagnosis.
Pathologists are physicians who specialize in pathology. They can be general physicians who perform all types of required tests needed for diagnosis but do not treat patients, but they have a specialization in pathology. Pathologists also may work in hospitals as consultants or fellows, performing only certain types of laboratory testing for other physicians or researchers. Pathologists specialize in identifying the main cause of diseases and disorders by analyzing tissue samples. A doctor may refer you to a pathologist if they suspect that your illness has a major underlying cause that may not be apparent at first glance. You may be referred to a specialist pathologist who specializes in certain areas of medicine or expertise such as cancer or blood disorders.
Pathology tests measure how your body functions and response to various factors, including internal factors like hormones, external factors like exercise, stress and nutrition, and genetic predispositions. These factors can affect your health in many ways, including causing certain diseases or conditions over time. For example, some women experience menopause at a younger age than others do. This may be due to genetics or lifestyle choices such as exercise, diet and stress management behaviours that may be less stressful on their bodies than the younger women who had children earlier in life (for example).
Pathology tests are important in diagnosing a patient’s condition and can help to determine the best treatment options.
Pathology is used to help diagnose conditions and diseases such as cancer, infection, heart disease or diabetes.
There are a number of important pathology tests that help in the diagnosis of diseases. Below mentioned are some of the most important pathology tests that help us in performing correct diagnosis:
- Comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP): This is another important test which measures the level of electrolytes, glucose, calcium, magnesium and potassium in blood samples. It also helps to evaluate any disease that may cause a sudden change in these electrolytes levels such as kidney stones, diabetes etc.
- Complete blood count (CBC): This is another important test which measures white blood cell count (WBC), red blood cell count (RBC) and haemoglobin concentration present in blood samples so as to evaluate any disease-causing anaemia or thalassemia etc.
- Lipid Profile: Your blood’s total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and other types of fat are all measured as part of your blood lipid profile.
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