India was the first nation in the world to introduce a national programme for family planning back in 1952. The government brought in various contraceptive methods, such as female sterilization, non-scalpel vasectomy, oral contraceptive pills, intrauterine devices, emergency contraceptive tablets, condoms, and pregnancy test kits as a part of its family planning initiatives.
These procedures can be administered by trained staff at your nearest Multi Super Speciality Hospital, ANMs, SNs, and doctors, who can also assist in educating couples about the safest birth control options along with different options to achieve them.
By 2025, the government wants to lower the nation’s overall fertility rate to 2.1. Population control and its planned growth have been a part of Indian national policies for quite some time and this is why a variety of contraceptive methods have been made available to people today.
What are the different types of birth control?
Birth control, as its name implies, prevents pregnancy. It is also known as anti-conception or contraception. Several kinds of birth control options are deployed worldwide to reduce unforeseen and unwanted pregnancies. The concept of birth control dates to several centuries back. However, modern contraceptive methods and their public awareness began a few decades ago. Let’s explore a few of them.
Spacing methods: These spacing techniques are for couples who do not currently have children but may do so in the future. These techniques continue to act as a barrier, lowering the likelihood of conception. This birth control method can take many different forms, including pills, condoms, and intrauterine contraceptives.
Permanent methods: Permanent birth control options are available to any couple who does not want to have children in the future. Minilaparotomies, which include blocking the fallopian tubes, and laparoscopies, which involve cutting or blocking the fallopian tubes in the belly, are the two most common procedures used on women to permanently end the pregnancy. Male contraceptives are also a part of this method where the vas deferens, which transports sperm to the penis in males, is cut or blocked using heat, cautery, or other methods.
Emergency Contraceptive Pill: The emergency contraceptive pill (ECP) is frequently used to manage emergencies brought on by unplanned or unprotected sexual encounters. Usually, it is consumed within 72 hours of the sexual encounter.
Pregnancy Testing Kits (PTKs): They aid in early pregnancy detection. It allows the couple plenty of time to end the pregnancy by detecting the pregnancy as soon as one week following the missing menstrual period.
There is no “best” birth control method. The best form of birth control for you and your partner may depend on a variety of factors and may change over time.
Before selecting a form of birth control, discuss with your doctor or nurse, discuss:
- When you’re planning to get pregnant- soon, in the future, or never
- Details about each method and its impact on pregnancy
- Potential side effects
- Frequency of sex
- Number of sexual partners
- Physical and mental health
- How prepared are you with applying any technique? (For instance, can you remember to take your medication each day? Will you need to request that your partner use a condom each time?)