What Is Hypertension
High blood pressure is a condition in which blood pushes too hard against artery walls. Also known as hypertension, this condition apart from damaging the arteries can also lead to several health complications. The heart of a person suffering from hypertension will have to work much harder to pump blood due to increased blood circulation speed. Hypertension is measured in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). A value of 130/80 mm Hg or greater is generally considered to be hypertension. Since high blood pressure has no symptoms, a blood pressure cuff test will be required by your doctor to determine your blood pressure. It is advised to undergo regular health checkups at a multi super speciality hospital or carry a home kit to keep a track of your blood pressure values.
Hypertension In Winter
The onset of winter brings along several health complications and we need to be cautious and take a proactive approach during winters. Hypertension can also shoot up considerably during this season. During winters, blood vessels and arteries tighten in response to the cold. Therefore, more force is needed to transfer blood to different parts of the body. As a result, the blood pressure increases resulting in winter hypertension.
In addition to this, food choices also undergo a slight change during colder climatic conditions, and it has been observed that consumption of salt and sugar increases during the winter. All of these factors affect our general health. As a result, blood flow is restricted to maintain body temperature and retain heat, which results in high blood pressure in winter.
Sudden variations in the weather, such as those caused by humidity, air pressure, cloud cover, or wind, can also have an impact on blood pressure. Blood pressure variations caused by the winters are more prevalent in those over 65 years of age. Additionally, winter weight gain and a lack of exercise also amount to a rise in blood pressure. If your blood pressure level changes throughout the winter, call your doctor right away. Medical help aside, there are several ways to keep blood pressure in chack in winter. Here are some methods for lowering blood pressure.
Tips to prevent winter hypertension
- Cut your alcohol intake
Alcohol use can quickly cause your body to lose heat during the winter. It lowers your body’s core temperature, making you feel colder. Blood arteries will narrow as a result, raising blood pressure. Limiting your alcohol and caffeine intake is essential, even if you spend all of your time indoors.
- Multiple layers of clothing
Try dressing in layers rather than a single bulky jacket. Putting on layers of clothing keeps the heat in and makes you feel warmer. The body loses heat quickly when wearing a single bulky jacket, making you feel colder and raising your blood pressure. Additionally, on chilly days, try to expose as little flesh as possible as it can aid in avoiding skin dryness.
- Stick to a balanced diet
When it comes to controlling your blood pressure, your diet is quite important. Eating a balanced diet helps you maintain control over your blood pressure symptoms. Eat extra lean meats, fish, and whole grains if you already have high blood pressure, along with more fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products.
- Moderate Exercises
Exercise in moderation is advised for those who struggle with high blood pressure. Overworking your body might cause it to work more than necessary and increase problems unnecessarily.