Dengue fever is caused by the dengue virus. The virus spreads by the Aedes species of mosquito that also spread viruses like Zika or chikungunya. Dengue is identified as a significant cause of illness in areas worldwide that are at risk for these mosquitoes. There are four types of dengue virus, and you could be infected four times in your life with each one of these viruses.
You can prevent dengue by wearing long-sleeved clothing to reduce skin exposure, use mosquito repellents, put up mosquito nets, and install nets on doors and windows.
Let us look into the various symptoms, causes, and treatment options for dengue fever.
What Are the Symptoms of Dengue?
Dengue symptoms could be mild or severe. The following are mild symptoms of dengue:
- Pains: You could experience pain in your eyes (behind them), joint pain, bone pain, or muscle pain. There could be headaches too.
- Rash in the chest and throat area
- Any other warning symptoms
Mild symptoms don’t last more than 2 to 7 days. You are most likely to recover within a week. However, symptoms could become severe in a matter of hours, so you need to watch out for the signs.
Severe dengue symptoms include:
- Tenderness or pain in the belly
- Traces of bloody stool or blood with vomiting
- Nasal bleeding or bleeding from the gums
- Vomiting more than thrice a day
- Experiencing irritability, restlessness, or lethargy (tiredness)
Hemorrhagic dengue fever starts in a mild form but soon becomes worse. Mild dengue could be accompanied by internal bleeding. The symptoms include:
- Bleeding of gums, mouth, or nose
- Cold and damp hands
- Lower platelet counts in your blood
- An easily-upset stomach
- Weakness of pulse
- Internal bleeding that could cause black stool, feces, or vomit
- Damaging the Lymph and blood vessels
If not treated in time, it could lead to extreme health risks, even death.
Treatment of Dengue
Since dengue is an infection, the most direct mode of treatment is the removal of the pathogen and keeping the complications within limits.
There is no specific medication for the treatment of dengue. For mild symptoms, you need to:
- Inform your healthcare provider if you experience symptoms of dengue, particularly if you are planning to travel
- Take adequate rest
- If you have fever and pain, consult your doctor regarding medication
- Keep yourself hydrated by taking sufficient fluids. Add some electrolytes for better results.
- Home treatment in the case of mild symptoms.
Causes of Dengue
Dengue fever is not contagious, so you won’t get dengue being around someone who is infected with the virus. Mosquito bites only spread it. The transmission process of dengue is a mosquito biting a person infected with the virus. The mosquito then bites a healthy person and infects them. You have long-term immunity only to the type of virus you suffered from; you are not immune to the other three types of virus. When you have dengue more than once, your chances of contracting the severe kind of dengue go up.
Treatment by Critical Care Specialists at Regency
If you have any of the severe dengue symptoms mentioned above, you need emergency medical treatment. The team of critical care specialists will make sure you will get the treatment depending on the severity of your condition. From emergency and intensive care, cardiology to internal medicine, this multispecialty hospital is the one-stop for all your emergency medical needs.
Malaria has been and still is the cause of much human morbidity and mortality like Dengue. Learn about its symptoms, prevention & treatment in Regency Health Blogs